How Gum Disease is Caused and How to Fix it
Gum disease or periodontitis refer to pair of inflammatory disorder affecting the gum i.e. tissues that support and surround the teeth. This involves continuous loss of your bone around the teeth called alveolar, of course if left unattended, it might induce loosening and subsequently broken teeth. Gum disease is really as a result of microorganism that grows on and bonds to the tooth surface.
Classification of gum disease
There exists seven major groups of gum disease driven by severity, however, the past six groups are actually destructive simply because they are pretty much irreversible. These include: gingivitis, chronic periodontitis, aggressive periodontitis, and periodontitis being an infection of systematic disease, necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis/gingivitis, periodontium abscesses and lastly combined periodontic-endodontic lesions.
Symptoms of gum disease
This medical condition is characterized by bleeding or redness of our gum most especially when biting into hard diet e.g. apples, using dental floss or when brushing teeth; recurrence of gum swelling, spitting out blood especially after brushing teeth; foul breath, persistent metallic taste and halitosis throughout mouth; deep pockets outside of the gums and teeth and lastly loosening of our teeth especially during the later stages.
Results of gum disease
The important reason behind gum disease is poor oral hygiene as it encourages accumulation of bacteria matrix and mycotic with the gum line often known as dental plaque. Additional factors include; underlying medical disorders e.g. diabetes and poor nutrition.
Prevention of gum disease
Daily oral hygiene practices to minimize the occurrence of gum disease include: proper brushing of our teeth regularly, using of antiseptic mouthwash, using of soft tooth brushes to minimize causing any damage with the sensitive gums and enamel, professional teeth cleaning and regular dental check-ups.
One gum disease is diagnosed; the initial step is non-surgical cleaning of our area below the gum line using a procedure often known as scaling and debridement. This process involves mechanical removal of calculus and plaque using specialized curettes. On top of that, necessary adjustments of our occlusion could be adopted to minimize application of excessive pressure in the teeth.
This medical is carried out to work out whether there’s any kind of improvement in the patient`s oral hygiene or maybe any regression of our inflammation. This procedure should be performed four-six weeks when initial planning and root scaling for consecutive three months period.
For instances non-surgical treatment methods proves un effective, then periodontal surgery may be the next treatment method to halt progressive loss of bone tissue in addition to regeneration of lost bone if at all possible. Several surgical options that are utilized i.e. osseous surgery, bone grafting, guided tissue regeneration, in addition to open flap debridement. The intention of the surgical procedure is to provide access for defined removal of calculus and managing surgical of bony irregularities resulting from gum disease process having aim of reducing pockets with the minimal level as possible.
Once the gum disease treatment is successfully completed, a constant phase of periodontal maintenance is essential. Maintenance basically involves going for regular checkups and thorough cleanings especially after every three months period to stop increase of microorganisms causing gum disease in addition to closely monitoring the progress of our infected gum.Get the very best Utah dental implants from Utah periodontal specialists by Peter Smith DMD MSD